Peter Lynch on Today
by William Smead, Smead Capital Management
Peter Lynch was one of the most successful stock pickers of all time. From 1977-1990, he managed the Fidelity Magellan fund and produced returns of 29.2% per year, besting the S&P 500 Index returns of 15.8%. The Magellan fund grew from $18 million to $19 billion in assets during that time period. What Lynch said about market timing and investor sentiment appears very useful to long-duration common stock owners like us.
Lynch shared his wisdom with the press and in his books like One Up on Wall Street. He was conscious of the fact that stocks could decline at any given time. His advice for investors who wanted to make the most money over long periods of time in common stock ownership included this truth. This is an excerpt from a PBS Frontline interview in 1996:
Now no one seems to know when they [market declines] are gonna happen. At least if they know about ‘em, they’re not telling anybody about ‘em. I don’t remember anybody predicting the market right more than once, and they predict a lot. So they’re gonna happen. If you’re in the market, you have to know there’s going to be declines. And they’re going to cap and every couple of years you’re going to get a 10 percent correction. That’s a euphemism for losing a lot of money rapidly. That’s what a “correction” is called. And a bear market is 20-25-30 percent decline.
As for us, we have argued that the key to owning stocks for ten to twenty-year uninterrupted stretches is to buy out-of-favor and high-quality stocks. One of the main reasons that valuation matters dearly to us is that stocks with high expectations usually are more volatile and vulnerable to losing their premium in a downdraft. Second, it is one thing to be in a stock with a sizable temporary loss, but it is a totally different experience if you are relying on the maintenance of high P/E ratios and/or glamorous concepts to stay airborne.
We prefer a one step back and two steps forward modality, preferring to only go many steps back when a decline the size of the 2007-09 financial meltdown hits the stock market. Buffett always says that the enemies of your portfolio are “excitement and expense.” We try to avoid maniacally popular stocks and practice low turnover to keep expenses down.